RICO law mentions to the hearing and defense of persons who are involved in a planned crime. In 1970, Congress agreed to the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) to fight Mafia. Ever since, RICO laws have been extended and used to go after several organizations, which includes corrupt police units and motorcycle mobs. RICO laws must not be considered as a method to penalize the commission of a remote illegal act. Comparatively, the law make severe punishments for those who involve in a form of wrongdoing as the fellow of a criminal enterprise.
According to Rico laws of Shenandoah, Virginia:
Racketeering comes from the word “racket,” which means a prearranged unlawful activity. Racketeering usually includes certain kind of unlawful action which is directed as part of a group or organization. Racketeering is usually related with planned crimes, though it can relate with a range of unlawful activities. Illegal activities in RICO law could include:
- Protection Rackets;
- Loan Sharking
- Money Laundering
- Drug Trading
- Betting, among other unlawful conduct.
The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (typically recognized as “RICO“) became was initially anticipated mainly to assist in the trial of mafia leaders, as it allowed them to be tried for crimes they ordered others to do rather than committed themselves. According to section 18.2-514:
- It will be illegal for the organization or for any individual who inhabits a position of manager, administrator, of an enterprise, to take any profits known to have been resulting straight from racketeering action and to use or capitalize a total of $10,000 or more of such profits in the attainment of any name to, or any right, interest, or fairness in, real property, or in the formation or operation of any enterprise.
- It will be illegal for any organization, or for any individual who inhabits a position of organizer or manager of an enterprise, to directly attain or preserve any interest in or control of any enterprise or real property through racketeering.
- Every violation of this law is a discrete and distinct felony which includes a punishment in accordance with § 2-515.
A criminal enterprise is defined in the RICO laws as “any individual, business, firm, association, or other authorized entity, and any union group of persons related in fact though not a legal entity.” The RICO description of an organization is very comprehensive, and would appear to cover just about everyone who is involved in these unlawful actions.
Under RICO law in Shenandoah Virginia, the extreme penalty for racketeering contains a fine, and 20 years in jail. An individual might also have to turn over illicit profits or other possessions gained from racketeering. In addition, the criminal consequences for the suspected criminal actions might also apply. Federal prosecuting attorney take the cases of racketeering very severely that can outcome in long prison punishments, and heavy fines.